Situated near the final stretch of the Mouth of the Guadalquivir, the landscape alternates marshes with a sea of gentle slopes of white earth covered in vineyards. The most ancient, reliable details regarding settlement in the area date back to the oil trade with the Orient in Roman times, via the Portus Tarbissana which was reached by the Lacus Licustinus.
The centre of the town is noteworthy for its whiteness and for its long, open streets, the busiest of which is the Calle Larga. The Plaza Mayor is the nerve centre of the town, where all the important events are held, and it is here that the Baroque Parish Church of La Purísima Concepción, from the 17th and 18th centuries, stands, along with the Puerta del Perdón and the valuable Cristo de la Misericordia (18th century) of the Juan de Mesa school.
Almost nothing remains of the original castle bar a few stretches of wall and battlements which can be seen if we walk towards the old Market Place. The Nuestra Señora de Palomares Hermitage houses, apart from the town’s patron, the Cristo de la Veracruz (15th or 16th century).
Trebujena is registered within the wine category of Jerez-Xerez-Sherry and Manzanilla from Sanlúcar and it is famous for its young ‘mosto’ wines, which should always be sipped accompanied by the delicious shrimps or famous eels.
The wetlands on the Codo de la Esparraguera estate have become a privileged area for birds. The flocks of marbled teal, red-knobbed coots and white-headed duck – all of which are in danger of extinction – make this wet area one of the most important in Andalusia.
In the midst of the marshland plain, opposite the Doñana Park, is the Cortijo Alventus, dating from the 18th century, there are exhibitions of ‘Acoso y Derribo’ with bulls and one can join in bull trials and country fiestas. Close by is the Ribera del Guadalquivir Park, in which the old marsh shacks have been converted for visitors to enjoy a few days of relaxation and peace in contact with nature.
The River Guadalquivir has marked the life of these people since ancient times. As we approach, the landscape is very varied. On the one hand, the slopes covered in vines, and on the other the marshes; on the horizon, Doñana. A spectacular sight at dusk. So much so, that it was here that Steven Spielberg chose to film The Empire of the Sun.