Villaluenga del Rosario
Situated at the foot of an impressive rock massif, Villaluenga del Rosario is the highest town in the province of Cadiz. Although the origins of the current village date back to the period of Muslim occupation, according to the nearby Cuevas de la Manga archaeological site, the presence of human settlers can be charted as far back as the Lower Palaeolithic. The remains of the medieval road can still be seen and are very well conserved.
The steep, narrow streets merge with the rock and harbour noteworthy monuments such as the Churches of San Miguel and El Salvador, the Hermitages of San Gregorio and El Calvario, the Town Hall and the Aqueduct Fountain. Villaluenga has the oldest bullring in the province (18th Century) which, curiously enough, is not round but polygonal and has upper terraces made of local stone.
The municipality is an genuine paradise for pot-holers, as over 80 caves and three of the four most important potholes in Andalusia are to be found here, namely El Cacao, Los Republicanos and Villaluenga.